See the databases on transparency measures concerning the Mine Ban Treaty and the Convention on Cluster Munitions at www.unog.ch
Before August 31 2011, 5 affected States Parties reported on Victim Assistance in their Article 7 reports on the Convention on Cluster Munitions (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, DRC (voluntary), Lebanon, and Laos).
The reporting format offered many opportunities to States Parties to give a comprehensive overview of all aspects of victim assistance implementation. Listing the opportunities taken by one or more countries can inspire more complete reporting in the future.
Reports not only mentioned legislation on the CCM but also mentioned other instruments such as the MBT, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. They also presented information on the health system, insurance etc.
Information was given on different aspects of the victim assistance implementation, such as data collection and needs assessment, a plan, a coordination mechanism, a focal point, a budget, a time frame, a strategy, the legislation, monitoring, and evaluation as well as national and international resources mobilization. Survivor inclusion could be linked to the plan, the budget, the legislation, monitoring, and evaluation as well as implementation in general and employment policies. The whole range of services could be listed in terms of victim assistance needs (Lebanon).
A wide range of services were mentioned in the reports, ranging from rehabilitation services (including Community Based Rehabilitation, providing equipment), health and medical (including emergency care), socioeconomic integration (including income generation projects, training, and financial assistance) to psychological or psychosocial support (including peer support) and social, sports, awareness raising, and advocacy events. There seemed to be space for a more evaluative approach regarding availability, accessibility, and quality (for instance, in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia).
Some States Parties to the CCM had to submit their Article 7 report on January 27, and States Parties to the MBT had a submission deadline of April 30 2011. 17 states provided current information on International Cooperation and Assistance in the article 7 reports on the Mine Ban Treaty in 2011: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, The Holy See, Ireland, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway (an initial transparency report and an annual transparency report covering 2010), Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland. Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Holy See, Ireland, Japan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, New Zealand, Norway, Slovenia, Spain, and the UK. Canada submitted a voluntary report on the CCM but gave no information on international cooperation and assistance.
ICBL stated, “Few States Parties made use of Form J to report on progress in implementing victim assistance or the provision of international cooperation and assistance” and recommended “to consider amending several of the reporting forms and perhaps adding new ones on victim assistance and cooperation and assistance” and suggested using the CCM transparency reporting forms as a template. ICBL supported “Belgium’s proposal to create a new guidance document for States Parties to accompany the reporting forms as a way to encourage states to provide the best possible information.”
ICRC welcomed Belgium’s initiative to increase dialogue and discussion on how to improve both the quantity and the quality of Article 7 reports and said, “those countries in need of resources should be using article 7 reports to understand the potential sources of funding and funding cycles for a variety of donors.” ICRC also supported Belgium’s proposal to create a new guidance document for States Parties to accompany the reporting forms as a way to encourage states to provide the best possible information.
Belgium, which is coordinating the informal contact group on article 7 of the MBT, said, regarding victim assistance reporting, that it should be made possible that one report covers several instruments of international humanitarian law. This means that the reporting format and the guide, that was edited 10 years ago by the NGO Vertic, should be updated.
On June 29 2011, CMC said, “the Cluster Munition Monitor reports that very few donors disaggregate funding figures between assistance for CCM-specific activities and other related work” but that “aggregated data makes it hard to understand trends”. Therefore, CMC asked “that in the interest of gaining the best possible picture of assistance given in support of the convention, donors should do their best to disaggregate reporting between the CCM, the Mine Ban Treaty, or other related funding.”
During the session on Victim Assistance on June 28 at the Intersessional Standing Committee meeting on the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Raed Mokaled, Ban Advocate from Lebanon made some remarks on the article 7 reports on the Convention on Cluster Munitions on behalf of the CMC, “As we know, cluster munitions victims as defined by the convention include families and communities. However, so far, states have been reporting only on those people who were killed and injured by cluster munitions remnants. In order to address the needs of all cluster munitions victims, states will need to collect data that will inform people of their efforts to implement services for all cluster munitions victims including those people killed and injured during cluster munitions strikes as well as the families and communities of all people directly affected. (…) States should report how data has been made available to all relevant stakeholders and contributes to national injury surveillance and other relevant systems for use in program planning and implementation. (…) With only a month to go for most States Parties, we expect reporting on this will be presented during this meeting. States Parties could put more detail on victim assistance in Form H of Article 7 transparency reporting. (…) We look forward to broader discussions on the best use of the more comprehensive reporting format.”
More on reporting:
See the Landmine & Cluster Munition Monitor Fact Sheets, June 2011: Mine Ban Treaty Transparency Reporting (Article 7) and Convention on Cluster Munitions, Transparency Reporting (Articles 3 and 7) and Convention on Cluster Munitions, Victim Assistance Reporting at www.the-monitor.org/